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THE HISTORY OF PHILIPPINE FLAGS


The white equilateral triangle, taken from the Katipunan emblem, indicates equality, the blue stripe peace truth and justice, and the red stripe patriotism and valor. General Emilio Aguinaldo designed the flag during his exile in Hong Kong 1897, in the second phase of Philippine Revolution. Marcelo de Agoncillo sewed the first flag with the help of her daughter Lorenza and Dr. Jose Rizal's niece Delfina Herbosa Natividad.

 
 
1 Flag of the Kataastaasang Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga  Anak ng Bayan (Most High, Most Respectable Association of the Sons of the People). Supremo Andres Bonifacio's Ceremonial and war standards from 1892-1896. 2 Variation of the Katipunan war standard with the three Ks arranged to form a triangle.
3 Katipunan flag representing the Kataastaasan, Kagalang-galang na Katipuinan 4 Andres Bonifacio rallied his troops under the Katipunan war standard in the first battle against the Spanish Government Forces in Pasong Tamo, Caloocan, on August 25, 1896
5 Official flag of the de facto Philippine Government, (Merged Magdalo and Magdiwang). The eight rays of the sun represent Manila, Bulacan, Pampanga, Nueva Ecija, Tarlac, Laguna, Cavite, and Batangas. At the center of the sun is the ancient Tagalog alphabet K, for Kalayaan or Liberty. 6 The Flag was revised and also declared as official flag of the Philippine Government and its forces at the Naic, Cavite Assembly on  March 17, 1897.
7 General Mariano Llanera flew the emblem bearing the skull and crossbones in Nueva Ecija in 1896. 8 General Pio del Pilar and his Katipuneros of Magtagumpay, Culi Culi,  San Pedro in Makati fought their battles under the banner and adopted it as his own in 1896.
9 The Tricolor Flag of General Gregorio del Pilar was used in the Battle of Pasong Balite, Bulucan and his last stand, Battle of Tirad Pass, Ilocos Sur on December 2, 1899. 10 The Philippine National Flag was officially displayed in Kawit, Cavite, on June 12, 1898, to mark the Declaration of Independence and the inaugurration of the First Philippine Republic.



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